Eco-tourism &  Mountains  Home Page 

Nagadhiraj Himalaya A Review of the Indian Himalayan 



 Assam Himalaya







 East Karakoram

 Siachen Glacier

 Trekking in Himachal

 Sustainable      Development

Mountaineering,Trekking &  Adventure

Mysticism,Romance  and.........

Travelogue Himachal

Nagadhiraj  Himalaya   A Review  of  the  Indian  Himalayan         
                                                                       by Harish Kapadia


About the auther:- Mr Harish Kapadia is a veteran Mountaineer & writer.This was one of the earliest Himalyan travel recorded in the Indian range.This article is based on 40 years of personal mountaineering experience of the auther in the indian Himalayan. Courtesy:- Yojana

                                                                                                               Though a lot has been done in the Indian Himalaya in the last Millennium, a lot remains to be done. After all what is a 100 years for the Nagadhiraj Himalaya, standing there for centuries. We must Pledge to know more about the range and protect it.

                                                                                                                                                      " In the northern direction there is a noble souled mountain called the Himalaya He is Nagadhiraj, the Lord of all mountains, with his two  extending arms fathoming the eastern and western oceans He stands unsurpassed as the measuring rod of the earth ''                                                                    Kalidas   in   Kumarsambhava


                                                          Sangla Valley Image by Raju             promoting Himachal in the CyberWorld.               Kindly  visit Our Sponsors.                                                                                   


                                              Kumaon :- If I am asked to name one Indian peak which I like the most-I would say Nanda Devi. I have seen it from, almost all directions and at close quarters. ln fact it is the centre-piece of the Indian Himalaya. The exploration of routes to its base by Eric Shipton and Bill Tilman in 1934, its ascent in 1936, and all other subsequent expeditions are part of mountaineering history. They left a permanent mark on the history. To its east lies the Milam glacier. The Poles who climbed in this valley in 1939, made the first ascent of Nanda Devi East but two of them were unfortunately killed later whilst climbing Tirsuli peak.  

Further east in Kumaon stands the 'Mountain of Long life'  Chiring We, on the Kalabaland glacier. My team from Bombay made the first ascent of Chiring  in 1979 and it has not been climbed since. There are several peaks on the Kalabaland glacier which are attractive. A special mention must be made of unclimbed Suitilla, which could be called the 'Changabang of Kumaon'.

To the west of Nanda Devi, on the outer rim of the Sanctuary stand the Bethartoli Himal peaks. In 1970, I climbed the South peak but we lost four climbers on the main peak in an avalanche. One of them was Ang Rami, a charming personality from Darjeeling. Bill Murray had tried this main peak first, in 1950. Finally it was climbed by the Italians after our attempt. Nearby stands Trisul, the 'Longstaff Mountain'. In 1907 Longstaff had climbed it speedily and it remained a 'height record' for a long time. To my mind, it was when Gurdial Singh climbed Trisul in 1951, that the beginning was made of the age of mountaineering for the Indians.

The inner Sanctuary was closed to expeditions for some time. The first expedition entered the abode in 1974. Chris Bonington and his Indo-British team climbed Changabang, the northernmost peak of the inner Sanctuary. It was an extraordinary achievement by any standards. The southernmost peak of the inner Sanctuary, Devtoli was climbed by my team within a few days of the above climb. Whilst returning from the summit, I fell in a crevasse and was carried on a makeshift stretcher or piggyback, for 13 days, to be rescued by a helicopter. As I wrote then-looking at the peak from air- 'Devtoli, the honours are even' !

In 1992 the honours went to two brave Indian Air force helicopter pilots as they rescued injured Stephen Venables from higher slopes of Panch Chilli V. With snow slopes inches away from the helicopter rotors they landed on ski of the chopper and lifted Venables to safety. This Indian-British team had climbed Panch Chilli II and made first ascent of Peak V when the tragedy had struck Venables. A loose piton made him tumble hundreds of feet injuring knee and ankle, till the spirited historic rescue saved his life.

                 Hotel Booking                          Tour Booking


                                     SHIMLA] [KULLU] [KANGRA ] [CHAMBA] [DHARAMSHALA] [PALAMPUR] [MANDI] [FAIRS &FESTIVALS]

                                        [LESSER KNOW HIMACHAL] [TIBETANWORLD] [COMMUNITY] ] [GUEST BOOK] [HOME][   Kinnaur]



                     Information Resource to Himachal