The Shivalik Fossil Park
THE Shivalik Fossil
Park at Saket, a small village, 14km south of Nahan, and about 5 km
from the industrial town of Kala Amb, on the border of Haryana and
Himachal Pardesh, is one of the most unique attractions in this
state. It is the first park in Asia which has been developed at a
site, where fossils were actually found.
Built in 1974, it
underlines the beginning of new era in the history of national
geological monuments of India, and is an attempt to make the common
man aware of rich heritage and the mysteries of science and nature.
The Shivalik hills
which represent about 6,000 metres of layered sequence or rocks the
oldest of which were formed about 25 million years ago , are the
outer mountains of the Himalayas and occupy an important place in
the evolutionary history of man. There are over whelming
evidences-geological pale anthropological and archaeological to
prove that millions of years ago some of the early ancestors of man
originated and evolved in this region. Ever since man came down to
the plains the Shivalik have played a key role.
Most of the mammals in
this region then got extinct during the ice-age of the Pleistocene
about two million year ago and those that survived migrated to other
areas. The remains of the extinct mammals got fossil in the rock
formations in these regions.
Smaller sizes of the
animals displayed in the Shivalik Fossil park at Saketi are also
displayed in the Museum at Shimla.