Muladhara is positioned close to anus, at the
perineum, and it has four petals that match the vrittis of greatest
joy, natural pleasure, delight in controlling passion, and
blissfulness in concentration.
In Samkhya philosophy, the concept of Muladhara is
that of moola prakriti, the metaphysical basis of material
existence. Muladhara is the chakra that draws down spritual energy
and causes it to assume a physical existence. It is like the
negative pole in an electrical circuit, which provides the potential
for the evolution of form.
Within this chakra resides sleeps the kundalini
shakti, the great spiritual potential, waiting to be aroused and
brought back up to the source from which it originated, Brahman.
Muladhara is the base from which the 3 main psychic
channels, nadis, ida, pingala and sushumna, emerge.
It is related to the physical processes of
reproduction and excretion, and also to the various fear and guilt
complexes associated with them. All a person's Samskaras (potential
karma ), are expressed here, in a physical form.
It is associated with the following:
* Deities: Indra, Brahma and Dakini
* Element: Earth
* Colour: Red
* Animal: An Elephant with seven trunks.
* Body Parts: Anus, Nose, Hamstrings, Calves,
In kundalini yoga, there are various yoga practices
said to arouse and balance the energy in Muladhara, including some
asanas (such as Garudasana, Shashankasana and Siddhasana) which put
pressure on that point, some pranayamas, and importantly the
practice of moola bandha.
In the same way that Muladhara contains a great deal
of mental, physical and spiritual potential, as samskaras, waiting
to fulfill itself, so does the human DNA. Kundalini is said to lie
'coiled up, like a snake', inside of Muladhara. Our DNA could be
said to be the computer program that dictates how our bodies will
develop. Equally, Muladhara could be said to contain the computer
program dictating what samskaras we have to face in this life.
Many western occultists make the kabbalistic
association of Muladhara with the Sephirah Malkuth, whose role in
kabbalah as the spiritual principle behind matter is an archetypal
idea almost identical to that of Muladhara.